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  • Effects of vibroacoustic music on challenging behaviors in individuals with autism and developmental disabilities

    Effects of vibroacoustic music on challenging behaviors in individuals with autism and developmental disabilities

    Lars-Olov Lundqvist a,b,*, Gunilla Andersson a,c, Jane Viding a,c

    A B S T R A C T

    Vibroacousticmusic has been proposed to be an effective treatment for individuals with developmental disorders and challenging behaviors. The present study experimentally tested the effects of vibroacoustic music on self-injurious, stereotypical, and aggressive destructive behaviors in 20 individuals with autism spectrum disorders and developmental disabilities. The participants were randomized into two groups in a randomized controlled trial evaluation. The first group received 10–20 min sessions with vibroacoustic music treatment for 5 weeks. Then the second group received the same treatment during the next 5weeks. Behavior was assessed using the Behavior Problems Inventory in all participants before the treatment, after the first group had completed their treatment, and again after the second group had completed their treatment. In order to evaluate each session, the accompanying assistants assessed behavior on different scales after each session.
    In addition, the sessions were videotaped and analyzed minute by minute for challenging behaviors. The results revealed that vibroacoustic music reduced self-injurious, stereotypic, and
    aggressive destructive behaviors in the participants. In addition, the results indicated that the effect of vibroacoustic music was to some extent dependent on the participants’ diagnosis. Implications for vibroacoustic music theory and practice are discussed.

    Мои заметки:

    Исследовалось влияние сеансов вибромузыки на пациентов с различными поведенческими расстройствами — self injurous, stereotypical, and aggressive destructive behaviors. При сеансе вибромузыки пациенты слушали спокойную ритмичную музыку с традиционной европейской гармонией и выраженной мелодической партией гитары, при этом с помощью динамиков встроенных в кресло они напрямую получали вибрации частотой 30-80Гц, которые ощущались всем телом.
    Исследования показали, что у пациентов с ASD (аутизмом) вследствии сеансов вибромузыки существенно снизилась частота, количество и сила припадков SIB. Кроме того ассистенты отметили, что со временем проведения сеансов пациенты (и ASD и не ASD) чувствовали себя более безопасно.
    Сочетание низкочастотных вибраций с прослушиванием музыки приводит к расслаблению, понижению активности, сердечного ритма и пр.

    Vibroacoustic music has been found to reduce muscle tone and spasms (Skille &Wigram, 1995; Wigram, 1993a, 1993b) as well as pain (Michel & Chesky, 1995).
    Moreover, vibroacoustic music has been reported to reduce anxiety (Ruutel, Ratnik, Tamm, & Zilensk, 2004; Wigram, 1993a) and autonomic nervous system activity, as indicated by decreased blood pressure or heart rate (Skille & Wigram, 1995; Wigram, 1996) and increased finger temperature (Standley, 1991, 1992). Therefore, vibroacoustic music may enhance the relaxing effect induced by music, and has been shown to have curative effects on diverse clinical groups (Skille & Wigram, 1995).

    И еще одна интересная цитата:

    However, intriguingly, individuals with ASD provide strong case demonstrations of brain specialization for music (Peretz, 2002), and, consequently, music interventions would be particularly appropriate for this group of individuals.


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    Вторник, Октябрь 21st, 2008 at 15:55
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